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yum搭建lnmp环境(CentOS6.4)


在CentOS6.3下实践通过。

1.关闭防火墙

[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig iptables off

2.关闭selinux

vi /etc/sysconfig/selinux 
//将SELINUX=enforcing修改为disabled然后重启生效

3、配置CentOS 6.0 第三方yum源(CentOS默认的标准源里没有nginx软件包)

[[email protected] ~]# yum install wget
//下载wget工具
[[email protected] ~]# wget http://www.atomicorp.com/installers/atomic
//下载atomic yum源
[[email protected] ~]# sh ./atomic
//安装提示输入时输yes
[[email protected] ~]# yum check-update
//更新yum软件包

4.安装开发包和库文件

[[email protected] ~]# yum -y install ntp make openssl openssl-devel pcre pcre-devel libpng 
libpng-devel libjpeg-6b libjpeg-devel-6b freetype freetype-devel gd gd-devel zlib zlib-devel 
gcc gcc-c++ libXpm libXpm-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel libxml2 
libxml2-devel imake autoconf automake screen sysstat compat-libstdc++-33 curl curl-devel

5.卸载已安装的apache、mysql、php

[[email protected] ~]# yum remove httpd
[[email protected] ~]# yum remove mysql
[[email protected] ~]# yum remove php

6.安装nginx

[[email protected] ~]# yum install nginx
[[email protected] ~]# service nginx start
[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 nginx on
//设2、3、5级别开机启动

7.安装mysql

[[email protected] ~]# yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel
[[email protected] ~]# service mysqld start
[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
[[email protected] ~]# mysqladmin -u root password "123456"
//为root用户设置密码
[[email protected] ~]# service mysqld restart
//重启mysql

8.安装php

[[email protected] ~]# yum install php lighttpd-fastcgi php-cli php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap 
php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mssql php-snmp php-soap 
php-tidy php-common php-devel php-fpm
//安装php和所需组件使PHP支持MySQL、FastCGI模式
[[email protected] ~]# service php-fpm start
[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 php-fpm on

9.配置nginx支持php

[[email protected] ~]# mv /etc/nginx/nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.confbak
//将配置文件改为备份文件
[[email protected] ~]# cp /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.default /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
//由于原配置文件要自己去写因此可以使用默认的配置文件作为配置文件
//修改nginx配置文件,添加fastcgi支持
[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
index index.php index.html index.htm;
//加入index.php
location ~ \.php$ {
            root           /usr/share/nginx/html;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }
//将以上代码注释去掉,并修改成nginx默认路径

10.配置php

//编辑文件php.ini,在文件末尾添加cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1
[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/php.ini

11.重启nginx php-fpm

[[email protected] ~]# service nginx restart
[[email protected] ~]# service php-fpm restart

12.建立info.php文件

[[email protected] ~]# vi /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php
<?php
   phpinfo();
?>

13.测试nginx是否解析php

输入:192.168.1.105/info.php 显示php界面说明解析成功